Agricultural Trends in Africa
When we think of Africa, a few things come to mind and agriculture is at the top of the list. Whether it’s the lack of arable land, the archaic dependence on rainfall, or the increasingly heavy investment from developed countries - agriculture is the livelihood of Africa and the African people. It is the past, present, and future of the world’s most populous continent and will continue to accompany Africa in every aspect of society as it has from the beginning of time.
Understanding the role of Africa in the changing economic landscape of the global agriculture market is crucial moving forward. Africa will have a big part in agriculture trends as issues such as population growth, land scarcity, and climate change continue to climb to the top of global concerns. In response to the aforementioned responsibilities, among others, Africa has experienced a shift in agricultural trends that could potentially shape the future of the agriculture industry worldwide.
Increasing and changing international demand
Food demand is expected to increase between 60% to 90% by 2050. This will be in response to the projected population growth of 9.1B in 2050. In order to keep up, farmers worldwide will need to either increase the amount of land used to yield crops or increase production of existing lands by utilizing technology and improved farming methods. For Africa, projected to be home to 2B of the population by then, agricultural and farming productivity needs to increase more than the global average in order to sustain the African population.
While African governments have implemented an array of policies in order to stimulate and increase food productivity, they show little improvement. Many African farmers continue to use ancient farming methods on decaying lands hoping for different outcomes. Technology is favorable but most farmers in Africa operate such small farms that even if the financial burdens of technology didn’t exist, the amount of yield wouldn’t justify the operation.
The answer to Africa’s production problem will be answered with digital technology. As barriers of entry continue to decrease, markets worldwide are taking more of an interest in Africa and what its farmers have to offer. The connectivity, accessibility, and affordability of digital solutions for farmers have brought African agriculture into the global sphere by paving metaphorical pathways